Brain abcesses: Clinical analysis of twenty-five cases
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CitationYılmaz, T., Gül, A., Turan, Y., Aydın, P., Göçmez, C., Kamaşak, K. ve diğerleri. (2014). Brain abcesses: Clinical analysis of twenty-five cases. Journal of Neurological Sciences (Turkish), 31(1), 175-187.
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the clinical, radiological, and surgical characteristics of brain abscesses and to share our experience in their management. Method: Medical records of 25 patients with brain abscess were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical picture, radiological examinations, treatment methods, and patient outcomes were analysed. Results: Of 25 patients included in our study, 16 (64%) were male and 9 (36%) were female. The age range was 2 months to 60 years, with a mean age of 12 years. Fifteen patients had a predisposing condition. The main source of the abscess was extension of an ear or nose infection to brain (n=9; 36%). In 10 (40%) patients the source could not be shown. Eighteen (72%) patients had a solitary abscess while 7 (28%) had multiple abscesses. No proliferation was observed in bacteriological cultures in 13 (52%) patients. No recurrences were seen in patients undergoing abscess excision with craniotomy. Conclusion: A brain abscess is a surgical emergency. Abcess excision with cranitomy is an effective treatment method in brain abcess cases. The most important sources of brain abcess were neigboring ear and nose infections. Diagnosis and treatment of these infections can prevent formation of brain abcess.Early diagnosis and treatment of cases with brain abscess can save patients from life-threatening complications of this disease.