Chemical composition and pharmacological evaluation and of Ttddalia asiatica (Rutaceae) extracts and essential oil by in vitro and in silico approaches
Yılmaz, Mustafa Abdullah
Abdallah, Hassan H.
Mahomoodally, Mohamad Fawzi
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CitationLobine, D., Pairyanen, B., Zengin, G., Yılmaz, M.A., Ouelbani, R., Bensari, S. ve diğerleri. (2021). Chemical composition and pharmacological evaluation and of Ttddalia asiatica (Rutaceae) extracts and essential oil by in vitro and in silico approaches. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 18(4), 1-12.
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. is extensively used in traditional medicinal systems by various cultures. Despite its frequent use in traditional medicine, there is still a paucity of scientific information on T. asiatica growing on the tropical island of Mauritius. Therefore, the present study was designed to appraise the pharmacological and phytochemical profile of extracts (methanol, ethyl acetate and water) and essential oil obtained from aerial parts of T. asiatica. Biological investigation involved the evaluation of in vitro antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory potentials. The chemical profile of the EO was determined using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis, while for the extracts, the total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid content were quantified as well as their individual phenolic compounds by LC/MS/MS. Quinic acid, fumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, quercitrin and isoquercitrin were the main compounds in the extracts. Highest total phenolic (82.5 +/- 0.94 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE/g)) and flavonoid (43.8 +/- 0.31 mg rutin equivalent (RE/g)) content were observed for the methanol extract. The GC/MS analysis has shown the presence of 26 compounds with linalool (30.9 %), linalyl acetate (20.9 %) and beta-phellandrene (7.9 %) being most abundant components in the EO. The extracts and EO showed notable antioxidant properties, with the methanol extract proved to be superior source of antioxidant compounds. Noteworthy anti-acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and anti-butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) effects were recorded for the tested samples, while only the methanol and ethyl acetate extracts were active against tyrosinase. With respect to antidiabetic effects, the extracts and EO were potent inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase, while modest activity was recorded against alpha-amylase. Docking results showed that linalyl acetate has the highest affinity to interact with the active site of BChE with docking score of -6.25 kcal/mol. The findings amassed herein act as a stimulus for further investigations of this plant as a potential source of bioactive compounds which can be exploited as phyto-therapeutics.
SourceChemistry & Biodiversity