Tuberculosis cases in Mardin between 2012 and 2018
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CitationKabak, M., Çil, B., Hocanlı, İ., Sezgi, C., Taylan, M. ve Düzenli, U. (2019). Tuberculosis cases in Mardin between 2012 and 2018. Eastern Journal of Medicine, 24(3), 330-334.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a respiratory-borne disease. It can hold most of the lungs and other tissues and organs. In this study, we aimed to offer the clinical and demographic data of TB patients who were followed-up in our province between 2012 and 2018. In our province, tuberculosis dispensary records were examined retrospectively between 2012 and 2018. Of 249 patients, 125 (50.2%) were females and 124 (49.8%) were males. The mean age of the patients was 37.5 years. There were 132 (53%) patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, 112 (45%) with extrapulmonary tuberculosis and 5 (2%) patients with both pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. 239 cases (96%) were new cases and 10 (4%) patients had recurrence. While 109 (43.8%) of the patients had smear positivity, 13 patients (5.4%) were diagnosed with pleural biopsy and 87 (34.6%) patients were diagnosed histopathologically with lymph and other organ biopsies. In 13 (5.4%) patients, only ADA elevation and 27 (10.8%) patients were diagnosed clinically and radiologic. 111 (44.6%) patients had no contact and 38 (15.3%) patients had a history of in-house or out-of-home contact. In addition, 100 (40.2%) patients had no known contact. 101 of our patients have studied culture, 20 of them have culture negativity, 81 of them have culture positivity. 5 patients had rifampicin resistance, 4 had streptomycin resistan ce, 5 had ethambutol resistance and 11 had isoniazid resistance. While 6 (2.4%) patients were dead, 78 (31.3%) patients were cured. Treatment success was achieved in 153 (61.5%) patients and treatment was abandoned in 8 (3.2%) patients. Tuberculosis is a disease that affects especially young people. Early diagnosis and treatment of TB patients are especially important for infectious diseases.
SourceEastern Journal of Medicine