Left and right ventricular functions may be impaired in children diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism
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CitationAkın, A., Ünal, E., Yıldırım, R., Türe, M., Balık, H. ve Haspolat, Y.K. (2020). Left and right ventricular functions may be impaired in children diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-8.
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) may infuence both ventricular functions. The aim of this study was to evaluation the fndings of Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) and other echocardiography modalities in children with SH. We compared left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and TDI parameters of patients with SH and children with euthyroidism. Subclinical hypothyroidism was diagnosed when thyroid stimulating hormone level was higher than the reference value of the laboratory (>4.2 mIU/L) and free thyroxine level was in normal range. The study included a group of 35 patients with SH and a control group of 38 children with euthyroidism (mean age was 7.6± 3.5 years and 9.0 ± 2.4 years, respectively). LVMI was signifcantly higher in the patient group (p= 0.005). TDI parameters including mitral septal ejection time was lower (p= 0.003) and mitral septal myocardial performance index was higher (p= 0.009) in the patient group. Right ventricular TDI revealed that tricuspid lateral E/Ea and tricuspid septal E/Ea were higher (p= 0.015 and p= 0.024, respectively) and tricuspid septal Ea/Aa and ejection time were lower (p= 0.018 and p= 0.017, respectively) in the patient group. SH may lead to increase LVMI. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic TDI parameters (lower mitral septal ejection time, higher mitral septal myocardial performance index) as well as right ventricular systolic (lower tricuspid septal ejection time) and diastolic (higher tricuspid septal and lateral E/Ea, lower tricuspid septal Ea/ Ea) functions may be also impaired in children with subclinical hypothyroidism. TDI is a useful method used for the assessment of the efect of SH on cardiac functions.