Assessment of atrial electromechanical delay and P-Wave dispersion in patients with Psoriasis
Akkurt, Meltem Z.
Akil, Mehmet Ata
Bilik, M. Zihni
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Background: In this study, we sought to evaluate atrial electromechanical properties and conduction homogeneity by tissue Doppler imaging and electrocardiography in patients with psoriasis. Methods: Thirty-four patients with psoriasis and 30 age-and gender-matched healthy controls were included in the study. Atrial electromechanical coupling intervals were assessed by means of tissue Doppler echocardiography and P-wave dispersion (Pd) was calculated from electrocardiogram. Results: A total of 64 subjects (33 male) with a mean age of 36.8 +/- 11.9 years were included in the study. Basal characteristics were similar between 2 groups. Intra-atrial (15 +/- 7 ms vs. 12 +/- 5 ms, P = 0.009) and inter-atrial (28 +/- 7 ms vs. 23 +/- 7 ms, P = 0.002) electromechanical delays were significantly higher in patients with psoriasis compared with control groups. P-maximum (112 +/- 16 ms vs. 103 +/- 8 ms, P = 0.006) and Pd (35 +/- 9 ms vs. 20 +/- 6 ms, P < 0.001) were also prolonged in patients with psoriasis. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that atrial electromechanical coupling intervals and P-wave dispersion were prolonged in patients with psoriasis, which may cause an increased risk of atrial fibrillation in this patient group.