The Momentum Four-Vector in Brans–Dicke Wormholes
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In this work, in order to compute energy and momentum distributions (due to matter plus fields including gravitation) associated with the Brans–Dicke wormhole solutions we consider Møller’s energy-momentum complexes both in general relativity and the teleparallel gravity, and the Einstein energy-momentum formulation in general relativity. We find exactly the same energy and momentum in three of the formulations. The results obtained in teleparallel gravity is also independent of the teleparallel dimensionless coupling parameter, which means that it is valid not only in the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity, but also in any teleparallel model. Furthermore, our results also sustains (a) the importance of the energy-momentum definitions in the evaluation of the energy distribution of a given spacetime and (b) the viewpoint of Lessner that the Møller energy-momentum complex is a powerful concept of energy and momentum. (c) The results calculated supports the hypothesis by Cooperstock that the energy is confined to the region of non-vanishing energy-momentum tensor of matter and all non-gravitational fields.